Butterflies range in size from the 1/2″ tiny Western Pygmy Blue to the nearly 12″ from wingtip to wingtip Alexandra’s Birdwing.

Bringing delight to millions of hearts, butterflies serve the useful purpose of pollinating plants.

Pollen on the proboscis of an Eastern Black  Swallowtail butterfly.

The proboscis of an Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly is covered with yellow pollen.

In addition to being pollinators, butterflies are an important part of the food chain. Many animals eat butterfly eggs, caterpillars, chrysalises, and adult butterflies. Butterfly enthusiasts prefer all butterfly eggs to become adult butterflies. The problem is that if all eggs lived to become adult butterflies, butterflies would soon become extinct.  Land development, modern farming techniques, and pesticide use has lowered the number of butterflies in nature.


To view pages that explain how to tell difference between some similar species, click on the links below.

More blue means it is which? A male or a female?

Black and blue Swallowtail butterflies and how to tell the difference between them.

Palamedes and Spicebush Swallowtail caterpillars – how can we tell the difference between the two species?

Information about the life cycles of many butterflies, with photo illustrations, are linked below.


American Lady – Vanessa virginiensis
Atala – Eumaeus atala
Barred Yellow – Eurema daira
Black Swallowtail (Eastern Black Swallowtail) – Papilio polyxenes
* Blue Morpho
Brazilian Skipper – Calpodes ethlius
Buckeye – Junonia coenia
Cabbage White
Carolina Satyr
Cassius Blue – Leptotes cassius
Ceraunus Blue – Hemiargus ceraunus
Checkered White – Pontia protodice
Cloudless Sulphur
Cofaqui Gaint Skipper – Megathymus cofaqui
Dainty Sulphur
Dorantes Longtail


Gemmed Satyr
Giant Swallowtail – Papilio cresphontes
* Glasswing
Goatweed Leafwing – Anaea andria>
Gold Rim Swallowtail (Polydamas Swallowtail) – Battus polydamas
Gray Hairstreak - Strymon melinus
Great Purple Hairstreak – Atlides halesus
Great Southern White – Ascia monuste
Gulf Fritillary – Agraulis vanillae
Goatweed Leafwing
Hackberry Emperor
Horaces Duskywing
Julia – Dryas iulia



Little Metalmark
Little Yellow – Pyrisitia lisa
Long-tailed Skipper
Monarch – Danaus plexippus
Mourning Cloak
Orange Sulphur – Colias eurytheme
Orange-barred Sulphur



Painted Lady – Vanessa cardui
Palamedes Swallowtail (Laurel Swallowtail)
Pearl Crescent
Phaon Crescent
Pipevine Swallowtail
Polydamas Swallowtail (Gold Rim Swallowtail)

Queen Butterfly - Danaus gilippus
Question Mark
Red Admiral
Red Banded Hairstreak
Red-spotted Purple
* Rice Paper Butterfly (Paper Kite) (Large Tree Nymph)
Ruddy Daggerwing
Seminole Texas Crescent
Silver Spotted Skipper
Sleepy Orange
Southern Hairstreak
Southern Skipperling
Spicebush Swallowtail
Striped Hairstreak
Tawny Emperor
Tiger Swallowtail (Eastern Tiger Swallowtail)
Tropical Checkered



Viola’s Wood-Satyr
White M Hairstreak
White Peacock
Zarruco Duskywing
Zebra Longwing (Zebra Heliconian)
Zebra Swallowtail

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