Hackberry Tree – Celtis occidentalis

Hackberry is a host for six different species of butterflies.

Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Hackberry Emperor, Comma, Snout, and Tawny Emperor butterflies host on this tree.

Hackberry is a US and Canada native.

Soil – best in damp to wet but will grow in dry soil
Not tolerant of salt spray
Zones 2-9
Height appx 60 feet
Width 30-40 feet
Fairly quick growth
Aggressive root system (do not plant next to house foundations or septic systems)
Fruit feeds many mammals and birds
Common Hackberry is considered threatened in New Hampshire

Grows well in pots and can be trimmed to keep the tree small for several years.

When planted in the ground, the tree trunk may be cut close to the ground a few times. Hackberry will not survive being cut close to the ground too many times. It does not respond well to severe cutting as well as many other species of trees.

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